Brainlike Computers, Learning From Experience

По данным ресурса The New York Times, в 2014 году следует ожидать появления первых коммерческих образцов нового типа компьютерных чипов. Они смогут не только выполнять автоматические задачи, которые сейчас требуют кропотливого программирования, но также будут способны обучаться на собственных ошибках.

PALO ALTO, Calif. — Computers have entered the age when they are able to learn from their own mistakes, a development that is about to turn the digital world on its head.
The first commercial version of the new kind of computer chip is scheduled to be released in 2014. Not only can it automate tasks that now require painstaking programming — for example, moving a robot’s arm smoothly and efficiently — but it can also sidestep and even tolerate errors, potentially making the term “computer crash” obsolete.
The new computing approach, already in use by some large technology companies, is based on the biological nervous system, specifically on how neurons react to stimuli and connect with other neurons to interpret information. It allows computers to absorb new information while carrying out a task, and adjust what they do based on the changing signals.